Math skills include ideas and concepts about quantity. Math also addresses logical and spatial relationships. In pre-school, math foundations are formed out of children’s concrete experiences. These experiences can be embedded in almost all classroom activities including block play, dramatic play, sand and water play and outdoors. Math may also be connected to music and art in the form of rhythmic and visual patterns and symmetry. Number concepts are significant when they are applied to the child’s world.
The following are Math goals for children who attend the Co-Op:
- Children at the Co-Op usually can identify numerals 1-30 by the end of the first year, and sometimes to 100 by the end of the second year. However, this goal is flexible, and may be too ambitious for the very youngest in both the first and even second years.
- Usually children can count numbers to 20 in the first year, and 50 in the second year.
- Teachers expose children to writing the numbers 1-30.
- Children have the opportunity to regularly count objects using one to one correspondence.
- Children may sort objects by various attributes such as color, shape and size.
- Children may identify relative size such as small, medium and large.
- Children identify shapes such as square, rectangle, circle, and triangle.
- Children match symbols and shapes.
- Children duplicate and create simple patterns.
The following items are more detailed and are more often taught with our second year, or older children:
- Children use concrete objects to solve simple addition and subtraction problems.
- Children observe and talk about concrete examples of whole and half.
- Children use positional language and ordinal numbers (first, second, third) in everyday activities.
- Children understand the terms “more, less, same as, equal to” while comparing sets of numbers.
- Children make estimates and verify accuracy of estimations.
- Children organize and draw conclusions from collected facts.
- Children graph, using objects and pictures. Sometimes teachers number graph with older children.
- Children learn simple time concepts such as morning, afternoon and night, and calendar time such as days and months.